|Chapter 11: The Universal Form|
yah sa mam eti pandava
My dear Arjuna, he who engages in My pure devotional service, free from the contaminations of fruitive activities and mental speculation, he who works for Me, who makes Me the supreme goal of his life, and who is friendly to every living being — he certainly comes to Me.
In this verse Krishna gives a succinct summary of what He has spoken so far. Srila Prabhupada stresses that "Therefore, this verse is considered to be the essence of Bhagavad-gita." There are five powerful instruction Krishna gives in this verse, following which a sincere devotee is certain to attain Him. These are: 1. Bhakti must be performed purely (mad-bhaktha) with no desires for any other attainments.
2. Bhakti must be free from contamination (sangha-varjitah). These contamination could be in the form of karma, jnana etc. or in the form of associating with people who are inimical to Krishna. Both should be avoided.
3. Krishna must be the only object of this bhakti (mat-karma-hrt). The devotee should respect all other great personalities like the devas, Brahma and Shiv – but understand that Krishna is the root of all and thus worshippable.
4. Krishna must be the only and supreme goal of life (mat-paramah). One should not worship Krishna to acquire wealth or fame.
5. The devotee should be friend to all (nirvairah). Exclusive focus on Krishna does not mean neglect or dis-respect of family, elders, devas etc. In fact, seeing every one as part and parcel to the same source, Krishna, a devotee becomes affectionate and compassionate for all living entities. Till chapter 6 Krishna speaks about the paths to Him. Beginning from chapter 7 He begins to speak about Himself. In chapter 7 He described Himself as the Supreme Lord and everything in this world is seen as a manifestation of His two energies (material and marginal). Chapter 8 is an extension of Chapter 7 where Krishna explains the impact of consciousness at the time of death to one's destination after death. In Chapter 9 Krishna reveals the confidential secrets about Himself – that He can be attained by the process of bhakti. In Chapter 10 Krishna speaks about how He can be perceived in various material phenomenas. He ends the chapter by telling how all the opulences are just a spark of His splendour and how He supports the entire universe with a small part of Himself. Chapter 11 begins with Arjuna requesting to see that part of Krishna that pervades the entire creation. Krishna gives Arjuna the divine vision to see the form. He shows Him the vishwa-rupa or universal form and the kala-rupa or time personified. Arjuna sees many wondrous things in this form of Krishna but finally becomes overcome with awe and fear and requests Krishna to resume His original human like form. The chapter ends with Krishna stating how difficult is it to perceive Him n this two handed form and glorifies bhakti as the only path to get personal darshana of Krishna. This leads into the next chapter that deals more elaborately with the topic of pure devotional service.
Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.
LET US NOT MAKE OUR STOMACH A GRAVEYARD. LET US NOT EAT FLESH. LET US BE VEGETARIANS AND STAY HEALTHY. Animals are to be loved, not eaten. Eating flesh is good neither for the mind nor for the intellect, not even for the body. It distorts the basic character of human. Think Soul is Soul and it came from the Supreme Soul…God Head Krishna
Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare