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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 1, Verse 25

Chapter 1: Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kurukshetra
Verse: 25
sarvesham ca mahi-kshitam
uvaca partha pasyaitan
samavetan kurun iti

In the presence of Bhishma, Drona and all the other chieftains of the world, the Lord said, just behold, Partha, all the Kurus assembled here.

This is a key verse that serves as the turning point in the state of affairs. Hrisikesha (Krishna) knows the mind of everyone and thus He knows what's going on in the mind of Arjuna and wants to bring forth the latent indecision in his mind. Krishna does so by positioning the chariot in front the two people that Arjuna had the most love and respect for, namely Drona his teacher and Bhishma his grand-father. He could have perhaps taken the chariot to where Duryodhana or Dushasana were stationed and their sight would have made Arjuna more determined to fight. But Krishna did not do that. Instead He placed Arjuna directly in front of the two dearest to Arjuna and informed him that he would have to kill them. He addresses the assembled people are Kuru, reminding Arjuna that since he was also a Kuru, he would be fighting and killing his own kinsmen. He is thus setting the scene of the Bhagavad-gita to be spoken.

Krishna refers to Arjuna as Partha. Arjun's mother Kunti was Prtha, the daughter of Sursena and the sister of Vasudeva (Krishna's father) and thus she was the aunt of Krishna and Arjuna His cousin. As a child she was adopted by the childless Kuntibhoja and was thus popularly known as Kunti. Krishna is therefore reminding Arjuna of the family connection between them which is one of the reasons that He has agreed to become his chariot driver. He also reminds Arjuna that he is connected to a great dynasty and thus should not do anything inappropriate, like not wanting to fight in a battle field. Krishna is therefore predicting the mind of Arjuna and also teasing him in a subtle manner.

Sanjay then proceeds to describe the family members whom Arjuna could see.

Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.


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