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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 1, Verse 30

Chapter 1: Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kurukshetra
Verse: 30
na ca saknomy avasthatum
bhramativa ca me manah
nimittani ca pasyami
viparitani kesava

Translation:
I am now unable to stand here any longer. I am forgetting myself, and my mind is reeling. I see only causes of misfortune, O Krishna, killer of the Keshi demon.

Explanation:
The key phrase in this verse is 'nimittani-viparitani' which means that an event will cause (nimittani) the opposite of the desired result (vipritani). When a conditioned soul forgets his true position with respect to Sri Krishna then every activity will be nimittani-viparitani. This is the typical characteristic of material activities.

Arjuna is also lamenting like a materialistic person. Srila Prabhupada comments, "Excessive attachment for material things puts a man in such a bewildering condition of existence." Out of material attachment comes excessive compassion and from compassion comes lamentation. Since Arjuna is only thinking of his own material enjoyment and suffering as a typical materialist would, he is being bewildered by 'nimittani-viparitani.' He is only thinking how the battle would affect him. Srila Prabhupada says that 'One's self-interest lies in Vishnu or Sri Krishna. The conditioned soul forgets this and therefore suffers material pains." The symptoms that Arjuna is displaying, impatience, fearfulness, loss of composure manifest in anyone with excessive material attachments.

In the six verses (31-36) Arjuna gives the second reason for not wanting to fight – personal enjoyment.


Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.


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