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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2, Verse 1

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
Verse: 1
sanjaya uvaca
tam tatha kripayavishtam
asru-purnakulekshanam
vishidantam idam vakyam
uvaca madhusudanah

Translation:
Sanjaya said: Seeing Arjuna full of compassion, his mind depressed, his eyes full of tears, Madhusudana, Krishna, spoke the following words.

Explanation:
Here we see the results of Arjuna's compassion. His mind is depressed and his eyes are full of tears. Though compassion is a worthy quality, he is depressed because his compassion is mis-directed – it is directed to the body and not the soul, and that is why it is not giving him true happiness. Srila Prabhupada gives the analogy of trying to save the dress of a drowning man. A man drowning in the nescience of material existence cannot be saved by saving the gross material body. Material compassion is like blowing on the boil, which may temporarily take away the pain but not alleviate the cause of the suffering.

Arjuna has so far given very substantial arguments, all based on the scriptures. Yet they have not solved his dilemma. This is because more important than knowledge of the scriptures is their proper application. Without guidance from a person who has a higher level of realization, such knowledge is useless. The scriptures are like a benevolent father, with a higher perception of reality, and one must accept the directions of the scriptures, even if one cannot understand by the senses. In order to advance in spiritual life, one must act with strong faith and conviction.

Dhirtrastra becomes very happy on hearing Arjuna's mood of renunciation since without him the Pandava's have no hope of victory. However, Sanjay dispels this optimism by addressing Krishna as Madhusudana, the killer of the Madhu demon. He is indicating that just as Krishna killed the demon Madhu, He will also kill the doubts that are plaguing Arjuna like demons.

Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.

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