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`Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2, Verse 2

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
Verse: 2
sri-bhagavan uvaca
kutas tva kasmalam idam
vishame samupasthitam
anarya-jushtam asvargyam
akirti-karam arjuna

Translation:
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear Arjuna, how have these impurities come upon you? They are not at all befitting a man who knows the value of life. They lead not to higher planets but to infamy.

Explanation:
This is an important verse since this is the first time in the Bhagavad-gita when Sri Krishna speaks. He is addressed as "Sri Bhagavan." Parasara Muni, a great sage and the father of Vyasadeva, who compiled all the Vedic literatures, gave the following definition of God:

"Bhagavan, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is one who is full in six opulences-who has full strength, fame, wealth, knowledge, beauty, and renunciation. Only the Supreme Personality of Godhead posses these oppulences completely and since Sri Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He is addressed here and else where in the Bhagavad-gita as Bhagavan. The fact that Krishna is God is confirmed in the Brahma Samhita 5.1 and in the Srimad Bhagavatam (1.3.28). Therefore Sri Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the source of the impersonal Brahman and the localized Parmatma.

A respected person is one who does his duty, and such a person, even though he may not be a leader, is considered to be glorious. On the other hand one who does not know his duty, or knowing his duty does not execute it is condemned, much like Krishna is condemning Arjuna in this verse. Not knowing one's duty means that a person is responding to the impulses from past sinful activities. Thus every one must clearly understand the duty of the human form of life ' self realization. This is the first important point regarding dharma made in the Bhagavad-gita by Krishna. The conception of what you do must be based on the soul and not the body.


Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.

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