|Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized|
nasato vidyate bhavo
nabhavo vidyate satah
ubhayor api drishto 'ntas
tv anayos tattva-darsibhih
Those who are seers of the truth have concluded that of the nonexistent [the material body] there is no endurance and of the eternal [the soul] there is no change. This they have concluded by studying the nature of both.
Now Krishna begins His instructions in sankya or jnana. He logically will explain the difference of the body and the soul and their respective compositions. Indirectly Krishna rebukes Arjuna that despite his previous scholarly words he has does not understand things are they are.
Here the first difference is bought forth – the body is constantly changing and the spirit never changes. Krishna clarifies this by offering two propositions. First that the material body and all material situations are temporary and have no actual existence. Second that the soul is unchanging and eternal. Srila Prabhupada explains: That is the difference between matter and spirit. By nature, the body is ever changing, and the soul is eternal. This conclusion is established by all classes of seers of the truth, both impersonalist and personalist.
Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.