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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2, Verse 23

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
Verse: 23
nainam chindanti sastrani
nainam dahati pavakah
na cainam kledayanty apo
na soshayati marutah

Translation:
The soul can never be cut to pieces by any weapon, nor burned by fire, nor moistened by water, nor withered by the wind.

Explanation:
In the next three verses, Krishna repeats Himself for emphasis. He will reiterate the basic principle that the soul is eternal. Arjuna has many divine weapons in his arsenal. These are weapons that act through force, fire, water or air. Krishna explains that none of these weapons will have any impact on the soul.

The impersonalist theory of monism states that all living entities were once an integral part of the absolute and have now some how become separated; and that liberation means to merge back with the same absolute. If the soul cannot be cut, as stated in this verse, it defeats this theory completely. If the soul is atomic and indivisible then there is no question of it being cut or merged. Srila Prabhupada explains that just as a spark is qualitatively the same but quantitatively different from the fire – the soul has the same qualities as the Supersoul (or Krishna), but quantitatively it is infinitesimally small and eternally distinct.

Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.

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