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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2, Verse 48

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
Verse: 48
yoga-sthah kuru karmani
sangam tyaktva dhananjaya
siddhy-asiddhyoh samo bhutva
samatvam yoga ucyate

Perform your duty equipoised, O Arjuna, abandoning all attachment to success or failure. Such equanimity is called yoga.

As explained earlier (2.39) niskama-karma-yoga can be performed on two different platforms. One is that of jnana – based on the conception of the soul and temporary manifestation of the material body. The second is based on the conception of bhakti, that Krishna is the supreme enjoyer and well wisher – so the ultimate benefit is to act according to His wishes and dedicate the activity and its fruits to Him.

Srila Prabhupada explains, "Arjuna is a kshatriya, and as such he is participating in the varnashrama-dharma institution. It is said in the Vishnu Purana that in the varnashrama-dharma, the whole aim is to satisfy Vishnu. No one should satisfy himself, as is the rule in the material world, but one should satisfy Krishna. So unless one satisfies Krishna, one cannot correctly observe the principles of varnashrama-dharma. Indirectly, Arjuna was advised to act as Krishna told him."

Only by Krishna consciousness can one easily give up the sense of proprietorship. The process of jnana, though bona-fide, is very tedious – it involves detaching the mind and the senses for their respective objects and maintaining them in a state of neutrality. Since it is the nature of the mind and the senses to seek engagement, there is danger of them rebelling and seeking their own forms of engagement. In bhakti there is no such danger since the senses are always fully engaged – in the service of the Lord.

Srila Prabhupada explains, "Krishna tells Arjuna that he should act in yoga. And what is that yoga? Yoga means to concentrate the mind upon the Supreme by controlling the ever-disturbing senses. And who is the Supreme? The Supreme is the Lord. And because He Himself is telling Arjuna to fight, Arjuna has nothing to do with the results of the fight. Gain or victory are Krishna's concern; Arjuna is simply advised to act according to the dictation of Krishna. The following of Krishna's dictation is real yoga, and this is practiced in the process called Krishna consciousness. By Krishna consciousness only can one give up the sense of proprietorship. One has to become the servant of Krishna, or the servant of the servant of Krishna. That is the right way to discharge duty in Krishna consciousness, which alone can help one to act in yoga. "

Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.


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