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Bhagavad-Gita Chapter 2, Verse 54

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized
Verse: 54
arjuna uvaca
sthita-prajnasya ka bhasha
samadhi-sthasya kesava
sthita-dhih kim prabhasheta
kim asita vrajeta kim

Translation:
Arjuna said: O Krishna, what are the symptoms of one whose consciousness is thus merged in transcendence? How does he speak, and what is his language? How does he sit, and how does he walk?

Explanation:
The last time Arjuna spoke was in 2.9 when he expressed his inability to fight. Since then, in the last 45 verses, Krishna has instructed Arjuna on the nature of the soul, the importance of performing prescribed duty and finally about focus on buddhi yoga. In the previous verse He concludes the definition of buddhi yoga and mention samadhi or divine consciousness as a symptom of this yoga.

Arjuna now asks four questions about this divine consciousness or samadhi. These are

1. What are the symptoms of such a person? The symptoms identify the position of a person. Krishna answers this in 2.55
2. How does he speak and what does he speak – how does such a person react to the dualities of happiness and distress, honor and dis-honor, praise and blame? Does he gets disturbed, hides it or speaks clearly? The answers to this appear in 2.56 and 2.57
3. How does he sit – This means how does he control his senses. Does he refrain only when he has fully enjoyed to his limit or does he refrains even when he has the facility and the ability to enjoy. These are answered by Krishna in 2.58-2.63
4. How does he walk – means how does he conduct himself in life. Does he become affected when his senses are used for the maintenance of the body? Does he fall into the enjoying mood when his senses are engaged with their sense objects? These are answered in 2.64-2.71

Srila Prabhupada comments, "As there are symptoms for each and every man, in terms of his particular situation, similarly one who is Krishna conscious has his particular nature-talking, walking, thinking, feeling, etc. As a rich man has his symptoms by which he is known as a rich man, as a diseased man has his symptoms by which he is known as diseased, or as a learned man has his symptoms, so a man in transcendental consciousness of Krishna has specific symptoms in various dealings."

Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.

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