|Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized|
prajahati yada kaman
sarvan partha mano-gatan
atmany evatmana tushtah
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: O Partha, when a man gives up all varieties of desire for sense gratification, which arise from mental concoction, and when his mind, thus purified, finds satisfaction in the self alone, then he is said to be in pure transcendental consciousness. Explanation:
This is the answer to Arjuna's first question in 2.54: what are the symptoms of a person situated in the self? Krishna explains that a person in pure transcendental consciousness has no material affections and is detached from both happiness and misery. Raga (attachment) and dvesha (hatred) and actually two sides of the same coin and result from strong material desires. Krishna recommends a state of neutrality which is free from either of the conceptions. While this could be achieved by complete detachment, from a practical perspective it is very difficult to maintain. Srila Prabhupada comments, "Therefore, one has to engage himself in Krsna consciousness without hesitation, for this devotional service will instantly help one onto the platform of transcendental consciousness. The highly developed soul always remains satisfied in himself by realizing himself as the eternal servitor of the Supreme Lord. Such a transcendentally situated person has no sense desires resulting from petty materialism; rather, he remains always happy in his natural position of eternally serving the Supreme Lord."
Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.