|Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized|
esha brahmi sthitih partha
nainam prapya vimuhyati
sthitvasyam anta-kale 'pi
That is the way of the spiritual and godly life, after attaining which a man is not bewildered. If one is thus situated even at the hour of death, one can enter into the kingdom of God.
In this verse Krishna provides a summary of this chapter – a description of spiritual life and the result of following it. Srila Prabhupada elaborates on this verse to make several important points about spiritual life. In the original Sanskrit, Krishna uses the term "brahma nirvanam." Nirvanam means ending the process of materialistic life. Thus following the spiritual path allows one to end the material conception of life. The result of this is that one gets immediate entrance into the spiritual life. The primary difference between material and spiritual lives is that in the former all activities are for sense gratification which results in misery and in the later all activates are for service of the Lord which gives one happiness. One may inquire, for how long would one have to follow this path of spirituality to qualify? Krishna responds by saying "even at the hour of death." In other words even a moment is sufficient to liberate us. Of course we should not wait for the last moment but prepare for it as early as possible – for death can come any moment without warning. What does entering into the kingdom of God really mean? Srila Prabhupada explains, "There is no difference between the kingdom of God and the devotional service of the Lord. Since both of them are on the absolute plane, to be engaged in the transcendental loving service of the Lord is to have attained the spiritual kingdom." This concludes the second chapter of the Bhagavad-gita. In this chapter the Lord explains to Arjuna the knowledge (jnana) to distinguish between the body and the soul. He talks about the different kinds of activities (karma) – pious and sinful. He then puts together karma and jnana to introduce the concept of working with detachment (buddhi yoga). Finally Krishna describes the symptoms of a person situated in this consciousness. Each of these concepts – karma yoga, jnana yoga, bhakti yoga and the entanglements between matter and sprit will be explained more elaborately in subsequent chapters.
Please read the Sanskrit Verse and the Prabhupada's Purport.